Journal articles and books

Anderson A. 2005. Subpolar settlement in South Polynesia. Antiquity, 79(306):791-800.

Anderson A., O’Regan Sir T., Parata-Goodall P., Stevens M., Tau Te M. 2022. On the improbability of pre-European Polynesian voyages to Antarctica: a response to Priscilla Wehi and colleagues, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 52:5, 599-605.

Campbell I. B., 2021. In The Beginning. ISBN 978-0-473-60605-3, The Copy Press, Nelson, New Zealand.

Campbell I. B. and Claridge G. G. C., 1975. Morphology and Age Relationships of Antarctic Soils, Roy. Soc. N. Z. Bull., 13: 83-88. (access here)

Cassaro A., Pacelli C., Aureli L., Catanzaro I., Leo P., Onofri S. 2021. Antarctica as a reservoir of planetary analogue environments. Extremophiles 25, 437-458.

Head J. W.Kreslavsky M. A., and Marchant D. R. 2011Pitted rock surfaces on Mars: A mechanism of formation by transient melting of snow and ice, J. Geophys. Res., 116, E09007.

Hutchings J. & Smith J. 2020. Te Mahi Oneone Hua Parakore: A Māori Soil Sovereignty and Wellbeing Handbook. 190p. ISBN 9780473516192. Free Range Press.

Phillips J., 'Subantarctic islands - The Enderby settlement', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 2012, (accessed 18 September 2023)

McGlone M., Wilmshurst J., Meurk C. 2007. Climate, fire, farming and the recent vegetation history of subantarctic Campbell Island. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 98(1):71–84.

Mellon M. T., Mckay C. P., Heldmann J. L., 2014. Polygonal Ground in the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica and Its Relationship to Ice-Table Depth and the Recent Antarctic Climate History. Antarctic Science 26 (4), 413–426.

Muller C., Chilvers B., French R., Hiscock J., Battley P., 2020. Population estimate for yellow-eyed penguins (Megadyptes antipodes) in the subantarctic Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Notornis. 67. 299-319.

Raymond T., King C.K., Raymond B., Stark J.S., Snape I., 2017. Chapter 14 - Oil Pollution in Antarctica, Oil Spill Science and Technology (Second Edition), Pages 759-803, ISBN 9780128094136,

Roudier P., O’Neill T.A., Almond P., Poirot C., 2002. Soil priorities for Antarctica, Geoderma Regional 29 e00499,

Salvatore M.R., Barrett J.E., Fackrell L.E., Sokol E.R., Levy J.S., Kuentz L.C., Gooseff M.N., Adams B.J., Power S.N., Knightly J.P. et al. 2023. The Distribution of Surface Soil Moisture over Space and Time in Eastern Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Remote Sens. 15, 3170.

Wehi P.M., van Uitregt V., Scott N.J. et al. 2021. Transforming Antarctic management and policy with an Indigenous Māori lens. Nat Ecol Evol 5, 1055–1059.

Wilmshurst J.M., McGlone M.S., Turney C.S.M. 2015. Long-term ecology resolves the timing, region of origin and process of establishment for a disputed alien tree. AoB Plants. 7:plv104.


External websites

Educational website about glaciers and icesheets.

Article about the southern ocean on, an educational website about all things aquatic.

Article about the Emperor Penguin, on the British Antarctic Surveys website.

Information relating to The Ross Sea region Marine Protected Area.

Article about orbital cycles, on NASA's climate website.

Article about the European Space Agency's (ESA) gravity mapping satellite, revealing hidden secrets below Antarctica's ice sheet.

Website for GPlates - a plate tectonics mapping application.

Website detailing research into Māori relationships to Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.

Mountain Ranges In Antarctica: Guide To Notable Mountains & Hikes.

Article about the LC-130, the four-engine turboprop transport airplane used in Antarctica. On the US governments National Science Foundation website.

Article on studying oil spills in Antarctica. On the NZ Science Learning Hub, Pokapū Akoranga Pūtaiao.

Wikipedia entry on USS Glacier (AGB-4).

Wikipedia entry on the ESA's Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE).



ADA is a tool built and hosted by Manaaki Whenua which allows you to discover, query and visualise spatial and temporal data relating to how Antarctica is changing.

The disturbance footprint contains GIS shapefiles of all buildings and disturbance detected across Antarctica, manually digitised from Google Earth images. Brooks, S.T. 2019.